The Haryana government has passed a bill that will reserve 75 per cent private-sector jobs — offering salary below Rs 50,000 a month — for locals in the state.
However, the bill includes a clause wherein exemption can be sought in case suitable candidates or a specific industry or category are not available locally. In such a scenario, candidates may be hired from outside Haryana, provided the state government is informed.
The Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, however, goes against the Articles 14 and 19 of the Constitution, which advocates equality before the law and the right to practise any profession anywhere in the country. Therefore, the approval of the President of India is essential for it to become a law.
A ‘designated officer’, serving as a representative of the government, will take a decision in case of companies invoking the exemption clause. Such an officer may also direct the concerned companies to provide training to local candidates and make them suitable for the jobs, thus overruling the request for exemption.
Within three months of the bill becoming a law, companies must register details of the staff members who draw a salary of less than Rs 50,000 a month. Failing to do so will attract a fine of Rs 25,000 to Rs 1 lakh. Once the law is implemented, 75 per cent of these jobs will have to be mandatorily given to local candidates.