Under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 2.0 (PMKVY 2.0), which was launched in October 2016, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship had set a target to impart skill training to one crore youth within a span of four years, that is, 2016 to 2020. Under the scheme, the Centre has already imparted training to around 73 lakh youth as on 17 January, 2020.
The goal under PMKVY-2.0 was to provide short-term training to around 60 lakh youth and to ensure that about 40 lakh benefit under the recognition of prior learning (RPL). While 40 lakh youth have already benefitted from the short-term training, under RPL the count has reached 33 lakh as on 17 January.
The short-term training benefits candidates who are either school or college dropouts or unemployed. Candidates are trained in PMKVY training centres and the duration varies between 150 and 300 hours.
Individuals with prior learning experience are assessed and certified under the RPL component, to address the knowledge gaps, and also to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce with that of the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).
A scheme under the Skill India Mission, the PMKVY-2.0 is being implemented by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
Apart from the PMKVY, the Government has taken up other steps to achieve its goal of reducing unemployment in the country. Initiatives, such as encouraging the private sector, increasing and fast-tracking schemes such as the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme, MGNREGA and the Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana are all part of these steps.